​UK Financial Intelligence Unit, Suspicious Activity Report February 2023

These Reporter Booklets focus predominantly on sanitized case studies. News relating to the UKFIU/SARs regime features instead in the UKFIU magazine, SARs In Action, available via the NCA website.

Welcome to the February 2023 edition of the UKFIU’s Reporter Booklet aimed at all

SAR reporters.

With this publication we aim to provide a snapshot of some of the excellent examples we receive highlighting the work of law enforcement agencies in utilising SAR intelligence to initiate investigations and inform existing ones.

While it is impossible for us to provide feedback on every SAR that we receive, I do hope that that this booklet – as well as other UKFIU products – go some way in indicating the value of SARs.

SARs are a critical intelligence resource for law enforcement – they provide information like phone numbers, addresses, company details, investment activity, bank accounts and details of other assets. They have been instrumental in identifying sex offenders, fraud victims, murder suspects, missing persons, people traffickers, fugitives and terrorist financing.


BANNER Int FInan Invest i-AML


When contacting the UKFIU please have available your SAR reference number if applicable. If you wish to make a SAR by post you should address your SAR to: UKFIU, PO Box 8000, London, SE11 5EN. NB: post is slower than SAR Online and therefore it will take longer for your SAR to be processed. You will not receive an acknowledgement if you use post. UKFIU Assistance General UKFIU matters may be emailed to [email protected]. All Defence Against Money Laundering (DAML) request queries are only dealt with via email. Should you have any queries please email [email protected].

Case Studies

A review of case studies provided by law enforcement agencies (LEAs) and other end

users of SARs demonstrates how they continue to be instrumental in instigating and

supporting investigations to tackle a wide range of the highest priority threats

identified by the National Strategic Assessment of Serious and Organised Crime.


A DAML SAR was submitted after a reporter became suspicious that the subject’s account turnover vastly exceeded their salary. The subject’s account had been funded by third parties

for unexplained purposes. The UKFIU refused the DAML request, and the investigating LEA determined that the account had been funded by relatives that were involved in illegal drug supply. An AFO was obtained for almost £200,000 and the investigation is ongoing. A DAML SAR was submitted after a reporter became aware that the subject had been transacting with multiple third parties believed to be involved in illegal drug supply, and closely connected to an individual currently imprisoned for drug offences. The UKFIU refused the DAML request and disseminated intelligence to the relevant LEA, whose enquiries found that the subject had been involved in supplying illicit items to prisoners. An account freezing order (AFO) was obtained for over £7,000 and a joint investigation is underway.


1 A current or potential user of SARs such as an LEA or relevant government body.

Money Laundering

Following suspicions of money laundering, a reporter submitted a DAML SAR seeking consent to return funds in excess of £10,000 to a suspect. The DAML SAR was fast-tracked by the UKFIU to an LEA, who uncovered intelligence on the suspect which led the LEA to carry out a covert investigation into money laundering committed by the suspect. This resulted in the suspect being charged and

the seizure of over £1m in assets. The UKFIU provided additional intelligence which identified further significant assets that are the subject of a restraint order. The case is


The UKFIU received a DAML request after a reporter became suspicious that the subject was engaged in trade-based money laundering. The subject appeared to have entered into a large number of fabricated product sales deals with multiple connected businesses. The UKFIU refused the DAML request enabling the investigating LEA to obtain an AFO for over £100,000. The LEA further established that the subject had been illegally trading in cryptocurrencies, the possible proceeds of crime. This case ispending a forfeiture hearing.


A DAML SAR was submitted by a reporter to return funds to a suspect due to suspicions of fraud and the layering of funds. Further enquiries by the reporter led to the identification of a business which was being used to launder these proceeds of crime. The

DAML request was granted by the UKFIU and intelligence disseminated, allowing an

LEA to covertly investigate the suspect. Intelligence within this DAML SAR and

subsequent investigation allowed the LEA to uncover connected subjects and identify an

organised crime group (OCG). The case is ongoing.


The UKFIU received a DAML request after a reporter sought to close a

customer’s account. The reporter observed similar transaction patterns in the account to those seen with OCG’s operating fraudulently from overseas.

LEA enquiries established that the customer was in fact a vulnerable person with disabilities. The UKFIU fast-tracked the DAML SAR to an LEA who provided safeguarding

advice to the customer and referred the case to various support agencies to assist. A reporter submitted a SAR following suspicions of money laundering on the account of a vulnerable elderly customer. The UKFIU was alerted to the SAR via a daily keyword search, allowing the SAR to be fast-tracked to the relevant LEA. The LEA provided a safeguarding visit to the customer, which revealed that the customer was the victim of an international romance fraud, losing significant funds to the fraud.

The LEA provided safeguarding advice to the customer and successfully encouraged the customer to cut off contact with the suspect to prevent further loss.

A SAR was submitted after a reporter suspected that funds were being taken from a nonagenarian vulnerable customer’s account by a relative who had Power of Attorney over the customer’s property and financial affairs and had taken significant funds from the vulnerable customer’s account for their own and others’ benefit. The SAR was fast-tracked by the UKFIU to the relevant LEA, resulting in a welfare check on the vulnerable customer.

Safeguarding measures have been put in place, and a report has been submitted to the

Office of the Public Guardian for potential abuse of position by the Power of Attorney.

A SAR was submitted by a reporter after funds from a victim of a cryptocurrency scam

were traced to an account held by one of their customers. Over £80,000 had been

transferred through this account within a few months. This money had then been sent to

other accounts which had links to a cryptocurrency fraud. The customer’s account was

deactivated and related accounts were blocked by the reporter. Law enforcement officers

visited the customer and established that the customer had also been a victim of the scam,

and had lost over £25,000 of their own money. The case has been reported to Action

Fraud for further investigation.

Vulnerable Persons

A DAML request was submitted after the reporter decided to exit

a relationship with a customer who had been subject to inquiries by an

LEA that had resulted in allegations of fraud. The funds were believed to have originated from fraud outside of the UK. The UKFIU denied the DAML request and the case was forwarded to the relevant LEA who obtained an AFO for funds in excess of £10,000, which were subsequently forfeited.


The UKFIU received multiple DAML SARs connected to an ongoing investigation by

international LEAs into a huge multinational fraud case impacting countries overseas and the

  1. The UKFIU was able to fast-track the SARs, which identified accounts, associates and

companies of interest related to the case, to the investigating LEA within the UK. Information

within these SARs revealed details of individuals and companies who were suspected of

being part of a money laundering network at the centre of the ongoing international

investigation and assisted with the compilation and submission of a restraint application to

the Crown Prosecution Service. Funds in excess of $90m have been seized relating to the

investigation with further enquiries still ongoing.

A DAML request alerted law enforcement to a suspected large scale fraud in which thousands

of victims had unwittingly authorised payments from their bank accounts. The DAML request

was refused enabling an LEA to obtain an AFO for funds exceeding £1m which are in the

process of being forfeited. Enquiries are ongoing.


February 23, 2023 Published by The UK Financial Intelligence Unit. (Download Report PDF)


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